Since the end of the Second World War, the U.S. has maintained its status as the preeminent arms trader in the international arms economy. Under the current system, the U.S. affords states weapons contracts based on their human rights record, foreseeable motives, compliance with international law, willingness to share security information with the United States, and other factors. Despite the hawkish posture of American security policy, critics acknowledge that U.S. regulatory presence in the trade has likely curbed unrestricted weapons proliferation and brought nations into the fold of international law.
However, increasing assertiveness from states like Russia and China, in tandem with the latter’s economic emergence, have shaken the global arms order. If the United States is dislocated from its position as the de facto arms regulator, the absence of stringent international guidelines raises concerns for several states which have an interest in either curbing or diffusing international access to global weaponry. Delegates in this committee will be tasked with reforming the current global arms regime or producing a new arms architecture for the changing international order of weapons.